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Techniques for facilitating problem-solving active learning activities.
Problem-Solving activities assess how well students can analyze, evaluate, and apply information toward the goal of solving a problem or drawing a conclusion based on available evidence or information. Using these approaches, instructors can evaluate how well students can work within a given framework to come to a solution individually or collaboratively.
|Analytic Team||Students critically read an assignment, listen to a lecture, or watch a video by assuming a role (summarizer, connector, proponent, or critic) that guides their analysis.||Helping students understand the different perspectives and processes that constitute a critical analysis.|
|Case Studies||Students review a written study of a real-world scenario and develop a solution to the dilemma presented in the case.||Helping students engage in critical reflection by considering multiple alternatives to solving problems.|
|Send-A-Problem||Students solve a problem as a group and pass the problem and solution to a nearby group who does the same, with the final group evaluating the solutions.||Helping students work together to practice the thinking skills required for effective problem-solving and for comparing and discriminating between multiple solutions.|
|Structured Problem-Solving||Students follow a structured process to solve problems.||Dividing problem-solving processes into manageable steps, so students don’t feel overwhelmed, and they learn to identify, analyze, and solve problems in an organized manner.|
|Think-Aloud Pair Problem-Solving||Students solve problems aloud and try out their reasoning on a listening peer.||Emphasizing the problem-solving process (rather than the product) while helping students identify logic and process errors.|
Barkley, Elizabeth F. et al. Collaborative Learning Techniques: A Handbook For College Faculty. Wiley, 2014. pp. 225.