Backward Design is a framework for course design and planning that begins with the end in mind.
Stages of Backward Design
1. Identify desired resultsWhat should students know, understand, and do? What is most important?2. Determine acceptable evidenceHow will students demonstrate that they have achieved the desired results?3. Plan learning experiences and instructionWhat activities, materials, teaching methods, and tools will provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to reach their goals?Wiggins, G., & McTighe, J. (2005) Understanding by design (2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
Backward Design is beneficial because it provides:
• Clear, transparent vision and structure for the course• Intentionality of content; everything has a purpose• Alignment of learning goals, assessments, and instruction
In the following video: "Educational Innovation at UW-Madison: The Backward Design Framework", Professor Erica Halverson explains Backward Design.